The Pure Ayurvedic View About Fever Known As Jvara

Fever in AyurvedaThe syndrome comprising of three main signs as the absence of perspiration, rise in body temperature and generalized body ache occurring simultaneously is known as fever.

Pathogenesis:

According to ayurveda, it is believed that due to improper dietary and other behavioral regimen, the doshas expel out of the koshthagni of the stomach i.e. the digestive fire, which follows the route of rasa i.e. the nutritive fluid and produces fever.

Prodromal Features:

  1. Tiredness
  2. Uneasiness
  3. Discoloration of the body
  4. Bad taste
  5. Watering of the eyes
  6. Repeatedly changing longing for an aversion to cold, wind and heat etc.
  7. Yawning, body ache and feeling of heaviness in the body.
  8. Anorexia
  9. Appearance of darkness in front of eyes.

10. Absence of sexual pleasure and a feeling of chill.

The specific prodromal symptoms, however, are:

a)    Excessive yawning in case of Vaataj fever.

b)    Burning sensation in the eyes in pita fever

c)    A version of food in the kaphaja fever.

The vitiation of dual doshas should be known by the coupling of any of these two symptoms; and the simultaneous presence of all symptoms indicates the vitiation of all the three doshas.

Types of Fever according to doshas: (Doshaj Jvara)

Vaataj Jvara:

  • Rigor
  • Irregular course of fever
  • Dryness of the throat and lips
  • Insomnia
  • Absence of sneezing
  • Dryness of the body
  • Headache
  • Bad taste in mouth
  • Hard stools with colic and flatulence in stomach
  • Yawning

Pittaj Jvara:

  • Hyperpyrexia
  • Diarrhoea
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Vomiting
  • Inflammation of the throat, lips, mouth and the nose.
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Acidic taste in mouth
  • Fainting, burning sensation and thirst
  • Yellowness of stools, urine and eyes
  • Disorientation

Kaphaj jvara:

  • A sensation of dampness
  • Low grade rise in temperature
  • Sweet taste in mouth
  • Light colored urine and stools
  • Stiffness in body and feeling of heaviness
  • Chills, nausea and excessive sleep
  • Excessive salivation, indigestion and aversion of food
  • Whiteness of eyes.

Vaat-pittaj jvara:

  • Thirst
  • Fainting and dizziness
  • Burning sensation in the eyes
  • Headache, dryness of throat and mouth
  • Anorexia
  • Pain in joints
  • A feeling of darkness in front of eyes.
  • Excessive yawning

Vaat-kaphaj jvara:

  • A feeling of dampness as if covered with wet clothes.
  • Pain in joints
  • Sleepiness
  • Feeling of heaviness
  • Headache, coryza and cough
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Moderate rise in temperature.

Kapha-pittaj jvara:

  • A feeling of stickiness and bitter taste in mouth.
  • Drowsiness
  • Cough
  • Anorexia and thirst
  • A frequently changing sensation of burning sensation and cold.

Sannipaataj jvara:

All the symptoms mentioned above are present simultaneously in sannipaataj jvara. It becomes incurable when the doshas are obstructed, the metabolic fire is extinguished and all the clinical features are fully manifested.

Prognosis of Sannipaataj jvara:

By the seventh day or tenth or by the twelfth day, the condition subsides or else it may exacerbate again followed by death.

  • Parotiditis is the complication of sannipaataj jvara which is a very painful condition and only very few can recover from this condition.
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