Borderline Personality Disorder is a type of mental illness that belongs to group of personality disorder. Such patients have a consistent pattern of thinking, feeling and interacting with others and with the world that leads to major problems suffered by the patient. It is not recognized worldwide and is most closely diagnosed as emotionally unstable personality disorder in the International Classification of Disease.
Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder
There is no specific cause seen in case of BPD. Like other mental disorders, it is just considered to be the result of combination of biological vulnerabilities, ways of thinking as social stressors. 1. Suppose, if the patient is having the family history of divorce or he is a victim of neglect at home or sexual abuse and substance abuse or there is any death occurred at home in front of him, such persons are at higher risks of developing BPD. 2. Children are likely to be at a risk for developing this disorder when they have learning problems and certain temperaments. 3. Adolescents who develop an alcohol-use disorder are also apparently at higher risk of developing BPD compared to those who do not.
Symptoms: For an individual to diagnose as a patient of BPD, he should possess at least five of the following symptoms:
- Unstable Self-image: They may show drastic changes in their likes and dislikes, strengths, weaknesses, goals and intrinsic values as a person.
- Unstable relationships: They may show drastic changes in seeing the persons as perfect or imperfect or valuing or devaluing their relationships.
- Unstable emotions: They may show changing feelings like anger, joy, euphoria anxiety and depression etc. that are stress related even if the stresses may be seen as minor or negligible to others.
- Desperate efforts to avoid being abandoned, whether the abandonment is real or imagines.
- They may show self-damaging habits like sexual behaviors, spending habits, eating habits, driving behaviors or in the use of substances.
- Recurring suicidal behaviors, threats or attempts.
- Chronic feeling of emptiness.
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy: It is an approach to psychotherapy in which the therapist specifically addresses four areas that tend to be particularly problematic for individuals with BPD: self-image, impulsive behaviors, mood instability and the problems in relating to others. It helps the patient in recovering from the disorder in an effective way.
- Talk Therapy: It focuses on helping the person understand how their thoughts and behaviors affect each other has also been considered to be an effective treatment.
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT): It is an approach which focuses on how the person’s symptoms are related to the problems that the person has in relating to others.
- Psychoanalytic Therapy: It helps the individual understand and better manage his or her ways of defending against negative emotions. It has been found to be an effective way in addressing BPD, especially when the therapist is more active or vocal than in traditional psychoanalytic treatment and is used in the context of current rather than past relationships.